How Can Pilonidal Cysts Be Treated?
There are a number of ways you can treat a pilonidal cyst. If you have only a simple, not inflamed, dimple or sinus tract you do not need any immediate treatment. The most common form of treatment to accurately get rid of these cysts is through a surgical procedure called incision and drainage.
Incision and Drainage for Pilonidal Cysts
An inflamed pilonidal cyst is basically an abscess, therefore requires incision and drainage in order to improve. The procedure is fairly simple, but you must go through it. First of all, an anesthetic agent will be given to the area of affection. Afterward, the surgeon, with the use of a scalpel will incise the skin in order to expose the cyst and remove the pus, hair, and other skin debris inside the cystic formation. Once everything has been drained, the surgeon will either close the incision or just leave it unstitched and just covered with gauze.
Post-Surgical Care for Pilonidal Cysts
After the surgery, the patient may leave the clinic as soon as possible. No further admission to the hospital is needed since the procedure is, in fact, an outpatient procedure. The patient will have to take pain medications, anti-inflammatory drugs, and antibiotics to prevent discomforts during recovery.
Wound care is also an important aspect during the post-surgical phase. Thus, it is important that the patient, as well as his or her caregiver, follows instructions on how to perform wound care effectively in order to prevent recurrence, infection and further complications.
Recovery Period for Pilonidal Cysts Surgery
Full recovery may take from several days to weeks depending on the form of surgery performed. For cases where the wound is closed after drainage, recovery would take a lot faster while for cases wherein the wound is left open and allowing the insides to heal first would take several weeks.