Colectomy, or Colon resection, is a surgical procedure to remove either part of or the entire colon (large intestine). A colon resection may be performed to treat the following colon conditions: Colon cancer, Diverticulitis, Large bowel obstruction, Gastrointestinal bleeding, Inflammatory bowel disease, Intestinal polyps which cannot be removal with a colonoscopy. While the patient is under general anesthesia, an incision is made in the abdomen and the diseased part of the colon is located. The diseased part of the colon will be removed, and the healthy colon sewn back together. In more extensive operations, a colostomy may be performed in which a surgical opening is made through the abdomen to provide a path for elimination. A colostomy may be created as a temporary measure to allow more time for the colon to heal. Laparoscopic colon resection requires three to four small incisions instead of one large one. Typically, most partial colon resections can be handled with this technique.
Small Bowel Resection
The small bowel, or small intestine, carries out food digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients). Resection to remove part of your small bowel may be recommended when your small bowel is blocked or diseased. A small bowel obstruction, or a blockage in the intestine caused by scar tissue or congenital (from birth) deformities, bleeding, infection, or is caused by scar tissue or congenital (from birth) deformities. Other surgical conditions of the small bowel are bleeding, infection, ulcers caused by inflammation of the small intestine, Crohn’s disease, Cancer, Characinoid tumor, Injuries to the small intestine or its vessels, Meckler’s diverticulum, Noncancerous (benign) tumors or Precancerous polyps (nodes). Small cuts are made to remove the diseased segment. If there is enough healthy small intestine remaining, your surgeon will sew or staple the healthy ends of the small intestine back together. Most patients have this done. If you have a severe infection in the abdomen or do not have enough healthy small intestine to reconnect, your surgeon will make an opening on the abdominal wall and skin, called a stoma, and your small intestine will be attached to the outer wall of your abdominal wall. Stool will go through the stoma into a drainage bag outside your body. This is called an ileostomy. The ileostomy may either be short-term or permanent.
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