Obesity has become the #1 public health problem in our country today – more than half of Americans are overweight and roughly 12 million Americans have severe obesity (defined as a body mass or 35 or more). Obesity is a major cause of premature death and many other medical conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, sleep apnea and degenerative joint disease. Obesity is a chronic, metabolic disease caused by multiple and complex factors, including increased calorie intake, decreased physical activity and genetic influences. Morbid obesity is a health condition defined as being at least 60 to 100 pounds over your ideal body weight.
A formula used to determine morbid obesity is the Body Mass Index (BMI), which is calculated by using your height and weight to determine your overall body composition. Specifically obesity is an excess of body fat tissue. It is associated with increased cell size and number. Population studies indicate a direct correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and morbidity and mortality. If you don’t know your BMI, take a moment to Check Your BMI now.
Causes of Obesity
Obesity is not a sign that a person is out of control. Many things can contribute to this condition, your body such as:
- Energy balance – Your body may take too much energy from food.
- Heredity – You have a higher risk of obesity if it runs in your family.
- Metabolic disorders – Your body’s metabolism may affect your weight.
- Eating and social habits – An unbalanced diet, snacking between meals and too little exercise can all lead to obesity.
- Psychological factors – Social and emotional eating are among the main causes of excessive weight gain.
Impact of Obesity
The severely obese individual faces health, social and psychological problems that are not fully recognized by society. Obesity has overwhelming consequences from the perspective of poor health. Co-morbidities such as high blood pressure, infertility, arthritis, diabetes, sleep apnea heart and lung disease, as well as, a shorten life span go hand in hand in the lives of most obese individuals. For some even everyday tasks such as getting in and out of a car can be a challenge and drain their strength.
Weight Loss Surgery - A Lifestyle Change
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